Basic Preschool Scope and Sequence
I have been doing a lot of research on what kind of preschool skills to work on over the next two years before we enter Kindergarten. The think I like about preschool is that there is no “right” or “wrong” way to piece curriculum or teach skills. My biggest challenge, I think, is going to be finding the right Kindergarten curriculum that doesn’t start with preschool skills that we have already covered!
Here is a basic overview of what can be expected from a preschooler based on one homeschool preschool curriculum. Basic concepts are from Alpha and Omega’s Horizon Preschool Curriculum Scope and Sequence.
The thing I like about this preschool guideline is that it will work great for children who are eager to learn and may be advanced. I have heard from a lot of parents whose children already recognize their letters/shapes/colors etc. and are looking for a bit more. Using this as a basic guide, a parent can construct a collection of preschool materials and activities that satisfy these objectives (or simply purchase the Horizon’s preschool curriculum!).
Going through the creation story, you will be able to teach a lot of science lessons. I plan on sitting down soon and going through the creation story and creating a lesson guide that includes all the topics/lessons that can be taught just from the creation story (so stay tuned!).
Some basic concepts that can be taught include:
- God made vs. man made
- How plants grow
- The difference between day and night
- Space – moon, stars, planets, comets, meteors, etc.
- Body parts
Noah’s flood is also taught in this particular preschool curriculum, introducing the concepts of obedience and promises.
(note – one thing I have started doing is going through an early reader devotional, it’s amazing how many Bible stories can be reduced to the all important concepts of “listen and obey” – obey God, obey mommy and daddy…)
Logic/Fine motor skills
Many of these skills can be taught during a circle time or utilized during other activities. These activities help to teach basic logic skills, some literacy skills and a child’s fine motor skills:
- Finger plays
- Describing items
- Classifying objects
- Sorting objects
- Labeling objects
- Grouping objects
- Comparing objects
- Action rhymes
- Role playing
- Recognizing size relationships
- Putting information on a chart
Reading instruction through the preschool years is a very progressive topic that starts very basic, obviously, and ends with the possibility of reading basic words. Here is the basic sequence that preschool reading skills are learned:
- Letter recognition
- Letter sounds
- Blending letter sounds
- Recognizing the initial sounds of words
- Blending (reading) basic CVC words (Consonant, vowel, consonant: dog, mom)
Other skills in this category include vocabulary development and being able to put letters in alphabetical order.
Math has two basic and often simultaneous skills to be taught/learned. While in reading the skills go in order, in math, the numbers go in order. (haha J )
The two skills are number recognition and oral counting.
Preschool students can be expected to recognize numbers up through 20 and count up through 12. This will start one number at a time, adding on as each new number is mastered.
They can also be expected to tell time to the hour (this involves recognizing the numbers 1-12 on a digital clock).
Moving along, advanced preschool students can learn beginning addition and subtraction:
Addition 1+1, 2+1, 3+1 4+1, 5+1
Subtraction 2-1, 3-1, 4-1, 5-1, 6-1
In art there are a lot of fine motor skills that preschoolers will develop, along with a basic recognition of colors and shapes. Some of the fine motor skills that preschoolers can work on include:
- Putting things on a string and
Writing, much like reading, has a predictable pattern and sequence of learning. Instruction can be centered on the child’s name:
- Recognize first name in print
- Trace name
- Write letters of name
- Write name with guide
- Write name without a guide
- Type name
Preschool students can also be taught to write their home address and phone number.
Physical education is focused a lot on the gross motor skills of a child. Some of these skills include:
- Playing with a ball
- Playing with ribbon sticks
- Fire safety
- Catch and throw objects
- Jumping jacks
- Crouch and jump
- Ride tricycle
- Ring toss
- Play tag
Music is an important aspect of any preschool program, and the rhyming and finger plays already mentioned fall into this category as well. Song is a great way to teach students any number of new skills, so utilize that! The other skill preschoolers can learn is rhythm.
Hope this helps those moms looking for a comprehensive preschool guideline!